Learn how to play backgammon? Rules of the game

short backgammon

Neds are a very exciting and interesting board game. It is very popular, despite the abundance of various computer games. The game combines elements of dispute, science and art. This game is already several millennia.

Learn how to play backgammon? Rules of the game

Neds are a very exciting and interesting board game. It is very popular, despite the abundance of all kinds of computer games. The game combines elements of dispute, science and art. This game is already several millennia. Before you start the game, you need to know how to play backgammon according to the rules.

Basic concepts

Zars – cubes (classic playing bones). The material for them can be a bone or plastic, depending on the cost of the gaming set. On the faces there are accumulations of points whose number indicates the number – from 1 to 6.

Head is the initial location of the checkers at the start of the game.

“House” – the final part of the path – a quarter of the board, where all the checkers need to be brought. The player does not have the right to start throwing checkers if there is not one at home yet.

“Double” is the simultaneous loss of the RAS (cubes) with an equal numerical value.

“Refract” – this word is used when the player does not intend to make a move, but only corrects the saber in relation to the rest in the line.

“Breaking into the yard” – this term means such moves, through which the checkers will cross the boundaries of the house, that is, to the courtyard.

short backgammon

What do you need to know about the game for beginners

So how to play backgammon? At the very beginning, players need to put checkers on a single line (head) on the opposite parts of the game field. In order to determine who will walk the first, the participants take one ZARU and throw it. On whose bones there will be a larger number, it will be the first. If two players have similar numbers, the bones are thrown over.

Like any other sport, backgammon obey the rules that formulate the principle of the game. His whole point is to spend their checkers home and take them to the courtyard.

It is important to throw the bunches on your side of the board. If one cube flies beyond the boundaries of the field, stands with an edge, because it falls onto the saber or edge of the board, then this throw is not considered, and we must re -open it again.

How to play backgammon: rules for beginners

Neds are an intellectual game. It has its own discrepancies with most of these games. The specificity is that here all the steps are due to the position of the checkers and the fact that it will fall on the bones when throwing. For these reasons, the game can be attributed to the among the players. The gaming set consists of a board, divided into two parts, 30 checkers of black and white colors and two playing bones.

Those who do not know how to play backgammon, and only get acquainted with the order of the game, is usually not known that there are two options for the game: long backgammon and short ones.It will be difficult for a beginner to master the rules of both species at the same time, he will be confused between different conditions. In this regard, it is previously advisable to master one type of game, and then start the second. As for beginners, it is better for them to take on long backgammon, since they are somewhat simpler than short ones.

how to play backgammon

Long backgammon. How to play?

According to the rules, this type of backgammon begins with the location of the checkers. Participants put their 15 checkers in a row. Then they alternately throw the bunks and, depending on the numerical value, move their checkers counterclockwise.

If in the first stroke the meaning fell, in which it would be impossible to go the same checker for the second time, then instead of one checker from the house two is taken from the house at once. This principle works only with the loss of two six, but this position is rare. With the rest of the moves from the house, it is permissible to remove only one checker during the course. At the same time, make the second move the same checker or the other that is already standing on the field. It is allowed to have their checkers in free holes and in those holes where their checkers are already standing. It is forbidden to put your checkers in holes, where at least one stranger stands.

how to play backgammon

If the player has nowhere to go, the enemy’s turn comes. But if there is a chance to make at least one move, even if he is unprofitable, the participant does not have the right to abandon him and is obliged to walk. The checkers that have passed the circle and brought to the end of the route must be removed from the board to the courtyard. This can be done if you throw cubes and remove the checkers according to the hole number. If the hole with a falling number is free, it is allowed to transfer to this number of holes forward. If there is nowhere to translate, then checkers from a hole with a lower value are taken. The winner is the one who first withdraws all the checkers from the board.

Short backgammon

The purpose of the game is to bring the checkers to the house and bring it to the yard before another player.

Now more about how to play short backgammon. The rules and course of the game have many differences from long backgammon. The checkers go to each other, and it is allowed to knit the enemy’s saber from the hole (only if one checker is worth). A few checkers are allowed to cut down for the move. The downed checkers go to the bar – the center of the game field. During one move, you can move 1-2 checkers. When the double is dropped, the course doubles (for example, the loss of 5-5 means that it is necessary to go 4 times at 5 points each). Until that time, until the participant returned his checkers from the bar back to the field, he is not allowed to move others.

The winner, as in long backs, is considered the one whose checkers reached faster and went beyond the boundaries of the field.

double in backgammon

Victory options

It is worth noting that in the backs, in addition to options for the game itself, there are three types of victory (they are determined by the superiority of the player over the enemy at the time of the end of the game):

  1. Mars. The defeated player could not drive his checkers into the house, and the winner had already taken his own into the yard.
  2. Home Mars. The defeated enemy brought the checkers home, but failed to go out into the yard.
  3. Coke.The designation of this type of victory is different for short and long backgammon. In long – the opponent did not withdraw all the checkers from the house, in short – the opponent did not withdraw a single checker.

Distribution of winning points: with a simple victory, 1 point is assigned, mars gives 2 points, with a home mars – 3 points and a maximum of 4 points – for a coke win.

backgammon game

Pros of the game

Backgammon is not only a good remedy for boredom, but also a way to start an interesting conversation with an opponent. They develop strategic thinking and mental arithmetic, allow you to diversify your leisure time and take a short break, as well as test your luck. The game itself is quite exciting, but it will become even more exciting if you play with bets. It doesn't have to be money. For example, with children you can play for sweets, and with friends – for desire. However, how to play backgammon – with or without stakes – is everyone's business.