Olympic winter sports. Winter sports: useful or traumatic? Tips for parents on how to protect your child from injury when playing sports in the winter

Olympic winter sports. Winter sports: useful or traumatic? Tips for parents on how to protect your child from injury when playing sports in the winter

Olympic winter sports. Winter sports: useful or traumatic? Tips for parents on how to protect your child from injury when playing sports in the winter



















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Tasks: enrich and systematize children's knowledge about winter sports, develop logical thinking; develop the speech of preschoolers; create a need for a healthy lifestyle.

Preliminary work: introducing children to certain sports (skiing, skating) in physical education classes; familiarization with the seasons in everyday life.

Materials and equipment: projector, laptop, slideshow about winter sports.

Teacher: Guess the riddle:

Snow on the fields, ice on the waters,
The blizzard is walking. When does it happen? (in winter)

The cold has come.
The water turned to ice.
Long-eared hare gray
Turned into a white bunny.
The bear stopped roaring:
The bear went into hibernation in the forest.
Who's to say, who knows
When it happens. (in winter)

Teacher: That's right, in winter. What do you think the names of the sports that are played in the winter.

Children's answers. The generalized answer “Winter” is considered correct.

Teacher: Now another question: what do you need to do winter sports, and I'll tell you:

In the trees, on the paths,
On children's boots.
He lies on everyone in winter
Well, of course, this is … (Snow)

Teacher: Yes, snow is needed for winter sports, and what equipment is needed for walking in the snow:

Two snub-nosed girlfriends
Do not fall behind each other.
Both run in the snow
Both songs are sung
Both ribbons in the snow
Leave on the run. (Skis)

Teacher: What is the name of an athlete who skis:

Who quickly rushes through the snow,
Are you afraid of failing? (Skier)

Teacher: Well done guys! Now guess another riddle:

Runners on a walk
same length
Through the meadow they run to the birch,
Stripes are pulled through the forest. (ski track)

Teacher: In addition to ski racing, there are also other sports on skis:

For a long time they went skating
Friend after friend, three of us
It was very difficult for them
Climb up.
Suddenly a polished movement
Grab your rifle and shoot!
Hit aiming at targets, –
One, two, four, five.
And rushed down the slope.
What is this? . (Biathlon)

Teacher: Yes, that's right, biathlon. So let's repeat what biathletes do.

Children's answers: they run on skis, they shoot from a rifle.

Teacher: Well done.And what types of sport on skis do you know more:

Not to feel the legs with joy,
I'm flying from the hill down the snowy down!
I became a sport of relatives and closer to me.
Who helped me in this? . (Skis)

Children's answers: jumping, descent from the mountains, etc.

Teacher: Yes, there are such sports as jumping jumps, skiing, freestyle – this is when the athlete performs acrobatic exercises during the descent along the highway with small skulls. There is another sport in the snow, but not on skiing:

He looks like one board,
But the name is proud,
He is called … (Snowboard)

Now we have remembered winter sports that take place in the snow, and what else is in winter for other winter sports:

With frosts, blizzard and snow
Winter-wizard will come.
And all rivals and lakes
Sliped fat will cover … (ice)

Teacher: Yes, for winter sports you need not only snow, but also ice.

And what else is needed for classes on ice:

I have two horses, two horses.
On the water, they carry me.
And the water is hard,
Like stone! (Skates)

Teacher: For classes on ice, skates are needed. What sports do you know on skates?

Teacher: Now let's look at these sports.

I rush like a bullet forward,
Only creaks ice,
May the lights flash.
Who carries me? . (Skates)

Teacher: This sport is called speed skating, athletes run at a large stadium for distillation. If athletes run on distillations along a small platform, then this sport is called a shorts.

Let's go to the ice, let's go
We will lead the music.

What sport are we talking about in this riddle?

Teacher: Correct, figure skating. It is single, where only boys or girls, men or women ride, but there are paired views where athletes ride in pairs.

On the ice platform is a cry,
A student is torn to the gate.
Everyone shouts: Washer! Klushka! Beat!.
Merry game. (Hockey)

Teacher: We are well aware of the game of hockey with a puck, and there is also a game of hockey with a ball or Russian hockey.

Teacher: But there is a sport on ice, but without skates:

I will start a stone on ice in the “house”,
And with a brush, the track is to mark him. (Curling)

Teacher: Guys, there are also winter sports that began in the snow, and now they are held on special ice routes:

We are with lamb horns
We rush down under the hill ourselves,
And how to climb the mountain,
We begin to rest. (Sled)

Teacher: these are sports for which sleds are needed, this is a doll sport and skeleton. Bobsley also belongs to these sports. And it is called that because special sleighs in the form of a bean are used, i.e. They look like beans.

Teacher: So you and I remembered winter sports, let's try to call them again.

To be strong and healthy,
We need to love the sport.
Do not be lazy, do not be lazy
And make friends with sports.

The whole conversation is accompanied by a presentation show in accordance with the text.

The winner of the All -Russian competition « The most popular article of the month» January 2018

We waited not in vain winter:
Frosty day under the sky clear
All future champions
Rushed to the stadiums.
And for you and for me
Already laid the skir.
Skates have long been sharpened,
Filled rinks shine.
The flags are visible on the slopes again-
Everything is ready for competitives.

Here is a puck, sled, club, helmet
What is it for everyone to do.
After all, he knows about Bobsley, short track
Today is every person.
And again in a hurry to the ice tracks
Fans of funny mass.
They are with unprecedented excitement
Support everyone at the start.
“Come on!”, “Click!”, “Even faster!”-
So loudly everyone around is sick,
Like a rosy winter
Suddenly I got up on the skates myself!

Ski race
Birch trees in the hunger and Christmas trees,
Snowflakes tremble on needles,
And endless skiing,
And wooden two horses,
And the ski sticks flickers,-
They help us to run faster.
Let it be far from the summer
Now skiing is a relay.
Or maybe even a marathon
Not everyone is given.
But here is the last effort
And behind the back like wings.
And the finish- here it is closer, closer …
Now we know everything about skiing!

To deal with us biathlon,
No need to rush along the slopes.
On the contrary, on a flat skiing
You will have to run or for me
Well, of course, to shoot aptly.
Ran a little- targets again,
They are clearly visible in the snow,-
Rather, a rifle from behind!
We aim with lying down; The hand does not flinch-
We will probably amaze the goal for sure.
The less we spend minutes on this,
The higher the awards as a result are waiting for us!

Skruple jumps

Let's see if from a height-
There is so much beauty everywhere.
To admire her,
One simple way is a way, brothers.
Under the mouse of skis and to the springboard,
There, the wind pushes us in the back.
We’ll spread our hands in flight.
Hey, wait for us, a plane!
The top of the top flickers
Cars, people, like toys.
Parch freely, like a bird,
But it's time to land.
The further we fly away into the distance,
The more chances to the medal!

We will take mountain skis with you
And we will find the slide abruptly now.
Going down from it is not an easy task.
You be careful, you can't here otherwise
And then you will suddenly find yourself in a snowdrift.
Here are snowy splashes around,
We go through one and the other gates,
We go down the snake, jumps, turns,
We go around the flags without stopping.
No wonder we went to training!

What do we need to be able to in biathlon?
From the springboard tall bird to fly away,
At the ski distance, everyone overtakes
It is so easy to watch for everything!
So we will not stay here aside,
On the skis is early and boldly after.
We also want to become two -sided,
Let's learn, we will win everyone!

In the theater, we look at the ballet:
Behind the pirouet Piruet
Drings in the dance of the ballerina.
What a magic picture!
But if someone is on skiing standing,
He will want to repeat this
Do not be surprised here:
Freestyle is called this sport.
Here is a skier, like an acrobat,
Showing stunts one hundred in a row:
From the mountain, going down- well, things!-
Then he revolves like Yula,
Around their own ski stick,
It jumps like a skipping rope.
Well, that’s all, woe to the end,
Our athlete is just great!

Can't you ski?
Then we will say: “So what!”
Grab your snowboard
You will show a record on it.
No need to wait for the summer season –
Flies from the snowy mountain
The snowboarder is beautiful, dexterous.
Follow him to practice!

Sledges are waiting for us all in winter,
Sun, snow sparkles.
Good from the mountain steep
Roll with the wind.
But set a record
Here in such a ride
Luge will help us,
The track, the miracle of the sled.
We do not sit in them, but lie down –
We can do that.
Turns, turns
We'll overcome it.
Seconds are counting
Here is the finish line.
The descent was like flying
So full of risk!

Winter sport – skeleton,
But it's not for everyone,
And for those who are not afraid
Roll upside down.
Gotta lie down here on my stomach
Push off and forward.
Difficult ice track
Rushing athlete on a sled again
And flies like a meteor
Head downhill.
Not everyone can do it…
Only strong and brave!

Bob grows in the garden
Everyone seems to agree with this.
But the other is a bean, comfortable,
It is large but inedible.
We sit in it – and go,
There is no turning around here.
We run, we run faster and faster.
We call this sport bobsleigh!

Fast and light
Silver skates.
I put them on diligently
Sports I love skating.
Start – and time ran,
I need a lot of strength here.
That's how big he is
Our ice stadium.
And the treadmill
Like a mirror, it sparkles.
I won't fall on it
I'll be the first to finish!
Figure skating
Ice, music and bright light
It's not like a sport, but ballet.
At the present performance we:
Then on one leg, like a heron,
Suddenly the figure skater will stand up,
Then he dances like an artist:
What kind of costumes are here and colors.
We must have been in a fairy tale.
Jumps, lifts and spins,
And easy sliding on ice.
And there are no limits to the delight of the hall …
But here are the scores.
What a pity, it's time to disperse,
We will dream about this story.
And again we are all waiting:
When is figure skating?

Everyone is healthy, legs are intact,
So tell me, what's the matter?
Why is there a stick on the field
Hockey player, like a girlfriend?
He runs deftly with her –
That's the way it is in hockey.
Ice skates quickly draw,
The speeds are great here.
And the goalkeeper in armor, mask,
Like a knight from a fairy tale.
In this battle of ice
He is a real hero.
Don't miss the puck, no.
Hey goalkeeper, hello from us!

Short track starts
Skating in circles.
No tracks here
Here they run
Singles, relay.
It's just not easy:
To get to the finish line
Someone will push.
Do not wear a helmet, gloves –
And get on the court
Suddenly an unexpected bruise.
This sport is not a trifle for you!

Curling
Curling is a game
If anyone does not know her,
Let's explain in order:
Gotta get out on the field
Take a stone and a whisk –
You can start curling.
Every player here is a strongman,
After all, a cobblestone, not a ball
You must quit without error.
Curling, he doesn't like flimsy ones.
Here's a throw, another throw,
But the whistle is already sounding.
Let not all points collected –
We played curling nicely!

Summary of GCD in the senior group on the topic Winter sports

Bochkareva Marina Yuryevna, teacher of the 2nd category of MBU kindergarten No. 139 Oblachko, Togliatti

Description of work: I offer you a summary of direct educational activities for children of the older group (5-6 years old) on the topic Winter Sports. This material will be useful for educators of the older group.

Integration of educational areas: cognitive, social – communicative, speech, physical development.

Target: to acquaint with winter sports, broaden their horizons, arouse the desire to engage in any kind of sport themselves.

Educational:
To achieve clarification of children's knowledge about winter sports.
To promote the development of the ability to distinguish between the simplest relationships between a sport and its attributes.
Provide enrichment and refinement of the vocabulary on the topic.
Awaken interest in physical culture and sports.
Developing:
Contribute to the development of logical thinking, attention, memory;
Educational:
To form in children the need for physical activity and physical improvement.
Help build respect for each other.
To form ideas about the importance and benefits of sports for health.

Preliminary work: Examination of albums and illustrations about sports, conversations about winter sports, about the benefits of exercise and physical education; reading fiction. Add skis, skates, sleds to the group. On the board there are pictures depicting winter sports.

Materials and equipment: laptop, screen, projector, winter sports presentation, skis, skates, sleds, pictures of winter sports, pictures of athletes and pictures with the necessary equipment for an athlete.

Educator:
– Guys, look at these items and answer my question, what are we going to talk about today? (children's answers are about sports)
– Yes, let's talk about sports and sports today.
– What is sport? (children's answers Sport is physical exercise, regular training, sports competitions).
What are people who play sports called? (athletes).
– What do you need to do to become an athlete? (you need to do exercises every morning, exercise, temper). Why do you think people play sports? What do you think sport gives a person? (children's answers) .
– You said right. Sport makes a person strong, resilient, improves health. If you regularly engage in sports and physical education, you will get sick less.
– What winter sports do you know? (children's answers)
– Well done, you know a lot of sports.
– We will talk today with you about winter sports.
– Look at the screen.
2 slide:
– All winter sports can be divided into two groups: sports played on snow and sports played on ice.

3 slide: Biathlon is a winter Olympic sport combining a ski race with rifle shooting.

4 slide: Ski races – skiing on a certain distance along a specially prepared highway.

5 slide: Skiing – descent from the mountains on special skis. Sport among which
downhill,
slalom,
slalom-giant
Super giant
Super-compination.
The fastest wins the competition.

6 Slide: Sprinkle jumping is a sport that includes ski jumping from specially equipped springboard.

7SLAD: Snowboarding is a sport, which includes a high-speed descent from a mountain slope, the performance of acrobatic elements on a special highway, etc. On snowboarding is a monolith with a edging on which legs mounts are installed.

8 Slide: Freestyle is a type of skiing is a stunt skiing, including jumping, rotation, somersaults.

9 slide: Sports sports is a sport in which it is necessary to overcome a certain distance at the ice stadium in a vicious circle as soon as possible.

10 SLADE: Figure skating is a winter sport in which athletes move on ice skates with additional elements, to the music.

11 SLADE: Saoine sports are competitions in high-speed descent on single or double sleigh along a pre-prepared highway. Athletes are located on a sleigh on their backs, feet forward. Sanges are controlled by changing the position of the body.

12 SLAD: The skeleton-winter Olympic sport, which is a descent on the ice gesture on a two-lane sleigh on a fortified frame, the winner of which is determined by the sum of two races.

13 SLADE: Bobslei -winter sport, which is a high -speed descent from the mountains along specially equipped ice routes on guided sleighs – beans.

14 SLADE: Curling is a team sports game on an ice platform. Participants in two teams alternately let special heavy granite shells (“stones”) towards the ice in the direction of the target marked on ice.

15 SLAD: Hockey is a sports game, which consists in the confrontation of the two teams, which, passing the puck with clubs, seek to abandon it most times in the opponent’s goal and not to let them into their own. The team that abandoned the largest number of goals into the opponent’s goal wins.

16 slide: Thank you for your attention!

Physmine Winter Fun: (movements in the text)
What do we love to do in winter?
Play snowballs, run on skiing,
Skating on ice ride,
Dalm from the mountain on the sled to rush.
– The guys we have met with winter sports now. Have you remembered all sports? (children's answers)
– But this is what we will check now.
– Guess the riddles:
There are and there is a gate,
Yes, and with a puck, everything is o'ke!
This type of sport
Called. (hockey) .

And the athlete shoots at the target,
And he rushes on skiing.
And the sport is called
Biathlon is a winter Olympic sport combining a ski race with rifle shooting. 4 slide: .

Ski races – skiing on a certain distance along a specially prepared highway.
5 slide:
Skiing – descent from the mountains on special skis. Sport among which
downhill, slalom, .

slalom-giant
Super giant
Super-compination.
The fastest wins the competition. 6 Slide: ).

Sprinkle jumping is a sport that includes ski jumping from specially equipped springboard.
7SLAD:
Snowboarding is a sport, which includes a high-speed descent from a mountain slope, the performance of acrobatic elements on a special highway, etc. On snowboarding is a monolith with a edging on which legs mounts are installed.
8 Slide: Freestyle is a type of skiing is a stunt skiing, including jumping, rotation, somersaults. ).

9 slide:
Sports sports is a sport in which it is necessary to overcome a certain distance at the ice stadium in a vicious circle as soon as possible.
10 SLADE:
Figure skating is a winter sport in which athletes move on ice skates with additional elements, to the music. 11 SLADE: .

Saoine sports are competitions in high-speed descent on single or double sleigh along a pre-prepared highway. Athletes are located on a sleigh on their backs, feet forward. Sanges are controlled by changing the position of the body.
12 SLAD:
The skeleton-winter Olympic sport, which is a descent on the ice gesture on a two-lane sleigh on a fortified frame, the winner of which is determined by the sum of two races.
13 SLADE: Bobslei -winter sport, which is a high -speed descent from the mountains along specially equipped ice routes on guided sleighs – beans. .

14 SLADE:
Curling is a team sports game on an ice platform. Participants in two teams alternately let special heavy granite shells (“stones”) towards the ice in the direction of the target marked on ice.
15 SLAD:
Hockey is a sports game, which consists in the confrontation of the two teams, which, passing the puck with clubs, seek to abandon it most times in the opponent’s goal and not to let them into their own. The team that abandoned the largest number of goals into the opponent’s goal wins.

16 slide:
Thank you for your attention!
Physmine Winter Fun:
(movements in the text)
What do we love to do in winter?
Play snowballs, run on skiing,
Skating on ice ride,
Dalm from the mountain on the sled to rush.
– The guys we have met with winter sports now. Have you remembered all sports? (children's answers)

– But this is what we will check now.
– Guess the riddles:
There are and there is a gate,
Yes, and with a puck, everything is o'ke!
This type of sport

Called.

(hockey)

And the athlete shoots at the target,

And he rushes on skiing.

And the sport is called

Very simple: (biathlon)

How beautiful they are on ice:

And athletes and artists,

And they dance just cool!

Who is this? -.

(Skaters)

We know many sports:

Both hockey and horseman.

And the stone pushes the stone –

This will.

(Curling

Look: the skier rushes,

And then it flies like a bird

Having made a jump from the peaks.

And he helped him.

(springboard

Sani rushes for gutting,

Ice on both sides.

But what is called

This sport? -.

(Skeleton)

Rush down the snow slopes –

Very courageous sport!

And it will help champions

In this sports.

(snowboard)

Well done you have a good memory!

  • Didactic exercise: Find a couple
  • – Guys, you have pictures of athletes and pictures with the necessary inventory for the athlete on your tables (all the pictures are mixed). You must find your inventory for every athlete, skis with a skier, a club – a hockey player, etc.)
  • – Well done, they coped with the task.
  • Exercise Additional offer
  • – skates rides … skater.
  • – rides on the sled … Sancture.

– rides on the beobsle … Bobsleist.

– Skiing … Skier.

– skiing from the mountains rides … ski.

– Sleeping from the mountain on snowboarding … Snowboarder.

– Running skiing and shoots from a rifle … Biathlonist.

– Figure skating … skater.

At the end of GCD, holding competitions between 2 groups on the street.

1. Hockey game. Children try to score a puck into the gate at a time. Which team will score more.

2. Skiing. Children dress 1 ski (second without skis) and compete in the team who will quickly pass the entire route.

3. Sunny skating. The doll is fixed on the sled and the children take turns taking it back and forth, passing each other. Which team will finish faster.

Summarizing. Award of participants with chocolate medals.

Winter sports are generally useful for children, because they are all associated with high motor activity and stay in the fresh air, well develop coordination, courage and willpower.

An undoubted plus of winter sports is the opportunity to combine training with hardening.Since both ice skating and skiing take place outdoors in sub-zero temperatures, the body is exposed to cold throughout the entire workout. Thus, resistance to colds increases, immunity is strengthened.

And if you go skiing in the forest, then the benefits of such training increase significantly. The air in forests, especially in coniferous ones, is saturated with phytoncides – volatile substances that have a detrimental effect on many pathogenic bacteria. Inhaling such air, we thereby have a positive effect on the body.

At what age should children be introduced to winter sports?

The fact is that these recommendations are given for a reason. They are based on knowledge about the features of the development of the skeleton, ligamentous apparatus, muscles, nervous activity, which is responsible for a person's ability to coordinate coordinated actions, the ability to foresee the consequences of certain actions. Failure to follow these tips could result in serious injury.

Skating and skiing

For the soul is suitable for almost all children, except for babies with chronic lung diseases, asthma and severe myopia.

Figure skating for kids

As with most other sports, injuries are not uncommon in figure skating. The greatest load falls on the musculoskeletal system – sprains and tendons are possible, less often – fractures. That is why this sport is contraindicated for children with disorders of the musculoskeletal system, with head injuries, as well as circulatory problems, that is, figure skating is prohibited for children who absolutely must not fall. Winter sports are also not recommended for children who have kidney problems (for example, pyelonephritis) – with such diseases, hypothermia is especially dangerous.

Before enrolling your child in the figure skating section, he should be shown to the pediatrician and orthopedist.It is these experts that should give a conclusion that the child has no contraindications for this sport.

Figure skating is certainly a very elegant sport that not only physically strengthens the child, but also develops musical hearing, plasticity, artistry and the ability to stay in public. But when making a decision on whether to give the child to just such a section, to navigate first of all stands on the desire of the baby himself – after all, only those classes that really like the benefits and pleasure.

Skiing for children: running or mountains?

If you want the child to engage in skiing (namely sports, not activity in the fresh air), it makes sense to start classes from 5-6 years. In sports, regularity is important, while it makes sense to immediately send the child to a sports school for a good children's coach. In a real sports school, classes are designed for several years to come, there is a one -year training cycle: classes are sure to continue in the summer – on rollers, ski simulators, training in general physical training, classes in other sports.

But often parents encouraging the child to ski, because they themselves love skiing. In addition, joint leisure unites the family, and games in fresh winter air strengthen health, develop dexterity, courage and persistence. “Amateur” skiing should least be like training a sports school, and look more like a game. The smaller the child, the more the games! The main thing is to interest the baby and not to discourage hunting for further classes.

Ski in children develop balance, coordination, endurance and strengthen muscle corset. The main thing is not to scare the child and do not force. And, boots, fasteners and sticks.

Skiing is the development of the muscles of the legs. When skiing, the muscles of the legs are constantly in tension and perform static or retaining work. In addition, due to frequent turns, mountain skiing perfectly strengthen the press.Classes of skiing are positively reflected on the vestibular apparatus, help to achieve greater endurance, increase vigor and performance.

  • Where is the best way to ski and skates in Nizhny Novgorod?
  • For lovers of winter sports in each area of ​​Nizhny Novgorod, you can find places for skiing and skates to your liking.
  • Nizhny Novgorod, skiing places for skiing are a Shchelokovsky farm, Dubravnaya, Striginsky Bor. In these places there are ski bases where you can rent all ski equipment. If you have your skis, do not forget that many ski are rolled in both children and adults.
  • Sports organizations of Nizhny Novgorod do not leave in the winter without attention and skate lovers. Everyone who wants to ride skates in Nizhny Novgorod is waiting for the open -air covered.

Ensure safety!